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                            Annual Addresses

                Delivered at Annual Meetings

               February 1887 - February 2017

Every year, since 1887, The Washington Association of New Jersey has held an annual meeting and luncheon, at which a speaker delivers a keynote address on American History, focused on the Revolutionary War period— particularly in New Jersey and Morristown—and on George Washington.

Over the decades speakers have ranged from authors to statesmen, historians and educators. Speakers have included United States Presidents, Woodrow Wilson and Howard Taft, and, more recently, Governor Thomas Kean, and New Jersey Supreme Court Justice Stewart G. Pollock. The first address was given by Edwin W. Coggeshall, a prominent book collector, and one of the first members of the Washington Association.


1887 Edwin W. Coggeshall: “An Old Order Book.”
1888 Josiah C. Pumpelly: “Washington.”
Thomas W. Ogden: “General Doughty.”
Ferdinand J. Dreer: “Original Commission.”
1889 Edmund D. Halsey: “The Continental Army.”
1890 Edwin W. Coggeshall: “The Case of Captain Huddy.”
John Whitehead: “Washington and the Federal Constitution.”
1892 David R. Fraser: “George Washington.”
1893 James M. Buckley: “Aaron Burr.”
1894 Emory McClintock: “Topography of Washington’s Camp.”
1895 Frank R. Stockton: “The Spirit of Washington.”
Henry N. Dodge: “Washington’s Headquarters.”
1896 Charlton T. Lewis: “The Character of Lafayette.”
1897 William Nelson: “Alexander Hamilton in New Jersey.”
1898 Austin Scott: “Washington’s Unwon Battle.”
1899 John R. Emery: “The Farewell Address: Its Foreign Policy
and Its Place in American History.”
1900 Joseph F. Randolph: “Beginning of a New Century.”
Willard W. Cutler: “Morris County During the Revolution.”
Henry C. Pitney and O.O. Howard: “Social Condition of the People.”
1901 William R. Terrett and Charles B. Lore: “George Washington.”
1902 Henry C. Pitney: “Civic Virtue.”
Edwin W. Coggeshall: “Washington: “The Disciplined Man.”
1903 Woodrow Wilson: “Patriotism.”
1904 Hamilton W. Mabie: “Idealism in America.”
1905 James M. Ludlow and Edwin S. Lines: “The Character of George Washington.”
1906 Andrew V.V. Raymond: “The Greatness of Washington.”
1907 Caspar F. Goodrich: “Washington’s Attitude Toward a Navy.”
1908 S. Parkes Cadman: “George Washington.”
1909 Newell Dwight Hillis: “The America of Washington, of Today, and Tomorrow.”
1910 Leslie M. Shaw: “Evolution in Matters Governmental.”
1911 Edwin A. Alderman: “The National Spirit.”
1912 Frederic R. Coudert: “The Arbitration Treaties.”
1913 George Edgar Vincent: “The National Memory.”
1914 Job E. Hedges: “Washington a Living Force.”
1915 NEUTRALITY by William Howard Taft (1915)
1916 Henry Cabot Lodge: “Washington’s Principles of Neutrality Defense.”
1917 Wm. Herbert Perry Faunce: “America’s Place Among the Nations.”
1918 James Beck: “Washington and the World War.”
1919 Edward Casper Stokes: “Washington and Our Forefathers Made
Democracy Safe for the World; Not the World Safe for Democracy.”
1920 Gilbert M. Hitchcock: “From Isolation to Participation.”
1921 Harry Emerson Fosdick: “The Value of a Great Heritage.”
1922 David Jayne Hill: “Washington as a Citizen.”
1923 Joseph Fort Newton: “The Future in America.”
1924 Stephen S. Wise: “The Responsibility of an American in Our Time.”
1925 John H. Finley: “Washington and the West.”
1926 John Martin Thomas: “The Influence of Washington Upon
American Character.”
1927 Edward D. Duffield: “First in Peace.”
1928 Edward L. Katzenbach: “The Education of George Washington.”
1929 Charles Frederick Wishart: “Washington and the Divine Factor in American History.”
1930 William Mather Lewis: “George Washington (in 1930).”
1931 W. Herbert Burk: “The Modern Foes of George Washington.”
1932 Wilbur L. Cross: “The Character of George Washington.”
1933 Robert C. Clothier: “Washington’s Educational Beliefs in
Relation to the Future of America.”
1934 Lynn Harold Hough: “George Washington.”
1935 Dixon Ryan Fox: “Washington, Our National Hero.”
1936 Samuel Flagg Bemis: “George Washington and Our Problems
of Today.”
1937 Thomas Jefferson Wertenbaker: “George Washington, Unionist.”
1938 Harry L. Everett: “George Washington and His Times.”
1939 Frank Kingdon: “George Washington: A Study of Leadership
in a Democracy.”
1940 William Starr Myers: “George Washington as a Constructive Statesman.”
1942 William H.S. Demarest: “George Washington, an Appreciation.”
1944 Carl Van Doren: “Some Days with Washington.”
1946 Gilbert Chinard: “George Washington as the Europeans Saw Him.”
1948 Bromley Oxnam: “The Impostures of Pretended Patriotism.”
1949 Fred Garrigus Halloway: “The Uncommon Man.”
1950 Martin Hill: “Washington and His Probable Approach to the United States as Exemplified by His Personality and Policies.”
1951 Douglas Southall Freeman: “The Development of Washington’s Character and Ability During the Revolution.”
1952 John F. Sly: “A Good Time for Patricians.”
1953 William A. Wachenfeld: “Washington’s Concept of
Today’s Problems.”
1954 John Allen Krout: “Humanity of George Washington.”
1955 Roy Franklin Nichols: “Washington as a Political Leader.”
1956 Edward P. Alexander: “Washington in Williamsburg:
The Influence of ‘Ye Great Metropolis.’”
1957 Whitfield J. Bell, Jr.: “The Noble Chieftain and the Immortal Safe: Washington and Franklin.”
1958 Gardner Osborn: “What Can I Do?”
1959 John Bakeless: “General Washington’s Spy System.”
1960 John Allen Krout: “Washington as a National Builder.”
1961 Robert Cecil: “A British Tribute to George Washington.”
1962 Harold C. Syrett: “George Washington: Theory and Practice.”
1963 Edward P. Hamilton: “Washington and Ticonderoga.”
1964 Rutherford David Rogers: “Washington and the Fair Sex.”
1965 Thomas Glynn Walker: “A Sense of the Past.”
1966 James Thomas Flexner: “George Washington in 1775-1776.”
1967 Alden T. Vaughan: “The Making of a Commander-in-Chief.”
1968 John T. Cunningham: “Here...The Revolution in New Jersey.”
1969 Richard P. McCormick: “Washington as a Hero.”
1970 Donald Jackson: “The Papers of George Washington:
A Year of Beginnings.”
1971 James Russell Wiggins: “Double Crossing of the Delaware.”
1972 Theodore W. Kury: “The Highlands Iron Industry During the
Revolutionary War Period.”
1973 Irving Dilliard: “The National Bicentennial is Coming!”
1974 Thomas J. Fleming: “Lessons for Today from the Revolution.”
1975 S. Sydney Bradford: “A Redcoat’s Revolutionary Odyssey.”
1976 North Callahan: “George Washington, Henry Knox and
1977 Broadus Mitchell: “General Washington: Triumph Over Adversity.”
1978 John M. Murrin: “George Washington: Symbol for the Republic.”
1979 John T. Cunningham: Morristown: Worse Than Valley Forge
1980 Jonathan R. Dull: “Lafayette: “Franklin and the Coming of
Rochambeau’s Army.”
1981 Lee Kennett: “Washington and Rochambeau.”
1982 Philander D. Chase: “Washington as a Military Man.”
1983 Thad W. Tate: “George Washington: The Early Years.”
1984 Carl E. Prince: “George Washington and William Livingston:
A Friendship Forged in Fire.”
1985 Richard Van Wyck Buel, Jr.: “Washington and the Critical Period.”
1986 J. Dean Norton: “George Washington, The Unknown Farmer.”
1987 William Wright Abbot: “George Washington and His Papers.”
1988 David Kimball: “Washington, The Cincinnati and The Constitution.”
Joseph M. Bristow: “Washington, The United States.”
1989 John P. Riley: “‘Go, and Make a Grateful People Happy…’
George Washington’s Trip to the First Inauguration.”
1990 John E. Ferling: “‘Actions Make the Officer’: Creating the
Father of Our Country.”
1991 Marvin Kitman: “The First 100 Days of Washington’s Presidency.”
1992 John L. Seidel: “Fort Nonsense: Fact or Fiction?”
1993 Don Higginbotham: “George Washington and Revolutionary
Asceticism: The Localist as Nationalist.”
1994 Thomas P. Slaughter: “The Politics of Treason in the 1790s.”
1995 Stewart G. Pollock: “Washington and John Marshall:
Friends, Patriots and Nation Builders.”
1996 Dwight T. Pitcaithley: “George Washington and the National Park Service: The Role of History in Contemporary Society.”
1997 J. Holt Mercant: “George Washington in 1797: A Life in
1998 Richard Brookhiser: “Washington’s ‘Rules of Civility.’”
1999 Hugh Sidney: “George Washington and Recent Presidents.”
2000 William A. Sommerfield: “George Washington Alive.”
2001 Mac Griswold: “Gardens at Mount Vernon: Landscape of the
Inner Man.”
2002 Mark Edward Lender: “Small Battles: The Campaign of 1776
and the Military Revival.”
2003 Wendell Garrett: “George Washington Redivivus.”
2004 Richard Guy Wilson: “America’s First Castle—Mt. Vernon.”
2005 Arthur S. Lefkowitz: “Eye Witness Images of the American Revolution.”
2006 Senator Robert J. Martin: “President Washington’s Two First Inaugural Addresses.”
2007 Dennis Pogue: “George Washington and the Architecture of Personal and National Identity.”
2008 John T. Cunningham: “New Jersey: A Revolutionary State
Divided Against Itself.”
2009 John A. Nagy: “Mutiny in Morristown.”
2010 Thomas H. Kean: “Thaddeus Kosciuszko: America’s First
Immigrant Enginner.”
2011 James C. Rees, IV: “Discovering the Real George Washington.”
2012 Raymond Frey: “A Steady Hand at the Wheel.”
2013 David Hackett Fischer: “Washington’s Generalship: The Middle Years, 1777-1779.”
2014 Colin Campbell: “Citizen Washington.”

2015 Edward Lengel: “George Washington: First in Business.”

2016 Andrew J. O’Shaughnessy: “The Men Who Lost America.”

2017 Edward Larson: “The Newburgh Conspiracy.”

*Papers Presented but not Published
1941 William Rankin Ward: “George Washington the Nation Builder.”
1947 Douglas Southall Freeman: “The Early Life of George Washington.”

** Annual celebration of Washington’s Birthday was cancelled due to the federal government’s wartime request that no gatherings of more than 50 persons be held.